Angiosperms: flowering plants

 

SPECIES

COMMON NAME

SOURCE

References

 

Acer negundo

Box-elder

13

References

Acer pensylvanicum

Striped Maple

4 5 7 13 14

References

Acer rubrum

Red Maple

6 7 13 14

References

Acer saccharinum

Silver Maple

13

References

Acer saccharum

Sugar Maple

4 7 13 14

References

Acer spicatum

Mountain Maple

4 5 7 11 14

References

Achillea millefolium

Common Yarrow

2 4 7 13 14

References

Aconitum reclinatum

White Monkshood

1 6 8

References

Aconitum uncinatum

Blue Monkshood

2 6

References

Actaea pachypoda

White Baneberry, Doll's Eyes

2 4 6 7 13 14

References

Actaea podocarpa

Mountain Bugbane

2 6 7 14

References

Actaea racemosa

Black Bugbane

2 4 7 13 14

References

Aesculus flava

Yellow Buckeye

4 5 7 13 14

References

Agastache scrophulariifolia

Purple Giant-hyssop

1 2

References

Ageratina altissima var. roanensis

Appalachian White Snakeroot

2 6 7 14

References

Agrimonia gryposepala

Tall Hairy Groovebur

6 7 14

References

Agrimonia parviflora

Swamp Agrimony

7 14

References

Agrimonia sp.

Harvest-lice,Arimony

2 13

References

Agrostis hyemalis

Winter Bentgrass

3 4 6

References

Agrostis mertensii

Arctic Bentgrass 

3 18

References

Agrostis perennans

Perennial Bent Grass

3 4 7 14

References

Agrostis stolonifera

Creeping Bentgrass, Redtop

3 4

References

Allium tricoccum

Small White Leek, Ramps

6 7 14

References

Allium vineale

Ramps,Field Garlic

13

References

Alnus serrulata

Brook-side Alder

13

References

Alnus viridis ssp. crispa

Green Alder,Mountain Alder

1 4 8 11

References

Ambrosia artemisiifolia

Annual Ragweed

2 13

References

Ambrosia trifida

Great Ragweed

2 13

References

Amelanchier arborea

Downy Serviceberry

4 5 6 7 13 14

References

Amphicarpaea bracteata

American Hog-peanut

2 13

References

Anemone quinquefolia

Wood Anemone

6 7 13 14

References

Anemone virginiana

Virginia Anemone, Tall Thimbleweed

2 6

References

Angelica triquinata

Filmy Angelica

2 4 7 14

References

Antennaria plantaginifolia

Plantain-leaf Pussytoes

7 13 14

References

Aplectrum hyemale

Puttyroot

10 13

References

Apocynum cannabinum

Clasping-leaf Dogbane

2

References

Aquilegia vulgaris

European Columbine

6

References

Arabis glabra

Tower-mustard

1

References

Arabis laevigata

Smooth Rockcress

13

References

Aralia racemosa

American Spikenard

7 13 14

References

Arctium minus

Lesser Burdock

13

References

Arenaria lanuginosa

Spreading Sandwort 

6

References

Arisaema triphyllum

Small Jack-in-the-pulpit

4 7 13 14

References

Aristolochia macrophylla

Pipevine

13

References

Arnoglossum atriplicifolium

Pale Indian-plantain

2 7 9 13 14

References

Arnoglossum muehlenbergii

Great Indian-plantain

2 6 7 14

References

Asarum canadense

Canada Wild-ginger

6 7 13 14

References

Asclepias exaltata

Poke Milkweed

2 6 7 14

References

Asclepias incarnata

Swamp Milkweed

7 14

References

Asclepias syriaca

Kansas (Common) Milkweed

2 13

References

Asclepias tuberosa

Butterfly Milkweed

2 6

References

Aster glomerata?

 

6

References

Astilbe biternata

False Goat’s-beard

1 8 13

References

Astragalus canadensis

Canadian Milk-vetch

13

References

Barbarea verna

Early Winter-cress

13

References

Barbarea vulgaris

Yellow Rocket

7 14

References

Betula alleghaniensis

Yellow Birch

4 5 7 13 14

References

Betula lenta

Sweet Birch

4 13

References

Betula nigra

River Birch

4

References

Bidens bipinnata

Spanish-needles

13

References

Bidens frondosa

Devil’s Beggarticks

7 14

References

Blephilia hirsuta

Hairy Woodmint

6

References

Calamagrostis canadensis

Blue-joint Reedgrass

1 3 8

References

Calystegia sepium

Hedge False Bindweed 

6

References

Campanula divaricata

Southern Harebell

2 7 9 14

References

Cardamine angustata

Slender Toothwort

6 13

References

Cardamine bulbosa

Bulbous Bittercress

6 7 13 14

References

Cardamine clematitis

Small Mountain Bittercress

1 4 11 14

References

Cardamine diphylla

Two-leaf Toothwort

7

References

Cardamine laciniata

Cutleaf Toothwort

6 7 14

References

Cardamine pensylvanica

Pennsylvania Bittercress

13

References

Cardamine rotundifolia

Round-leaf Water Cress

1

References

Carex aenea?

Fernald's Hay Sedge,Bronze Sedge,Sedge

1 6 8

References

Carex blanda

Woodland Sedge

7 14

References

Carex brunnescens

Brownish Sedge

4 7 14

References

Carex crinita

Fringed Sedge

9 13

References

Carex debilis

White-edge Sedge

4 7 9 14

References

Carex flaccosperma

Thin-fruit Sedge

4

References

Carex frankii

Frank’s Sedge

13

References

Carex gracillima

Graceful Sedge

4

References

Carex intumescens

Greater Bladder Sedge

4 9

References

Carex laxiflora

Loose-flower Sedge

4

References

Carex leptalea

Bristly-stalk Sedge

4

References

Carex lurida

Shallow Sedge

13

References

Carex misera

Wretched Sedge

1 8

References

Carex muricata

Lesser Prickly Sedge

1

References

Carex oligosperma

Few-seed Sedge

1 8

References

Carex pensylvanica

Pennsylvania Sedge

4 6 7 14

References

Carex plantaginea

Plantainleaf Sedge

6

References

Carex platyphylla

Broadleaf Sedge

13

References

Carex retroflexa

Reflexed Sedge

6

References

Carex roanensis

Roan Mountain Sedge

1

References

Carex scoparia

Broom Sedge

9

References

Carex tenera

Slender Sedge

6

References

Carex tribuloides

Blunt Broom Sedge

13

References

Carex trisperma

Three-seed Sedge

1 4 8

References

Carex vulpinoidea

Fox Sedge

13

References

Carpinus caroliniana

American Hornbeam

13

References

Carya cordiformis

Bitternut Hickory

13 14

References

Carya glabra

Sweet Pignut Hickory

13

References

Carya ovata

Shagbark Hickory

13

References

Castanea dentata

American Chestnut

1 13 14

References

Castilleja coccinea

Scarlet Indian-paintbrush

6 7 14

References

Caulophyllum thalictroides

Blue Cohosh

6 7 13 14

References

Celtis occidentalis

Common Hackberry

13

References

Centaurea biebersteinii

Spotted Starthistle

M. Denslow

 

Cerastium arvense

Mouse-ear Chickweed 

6

References

Cerastium fontanum

Common Mouse-ear Chickweed 

9

References

Cerastium glomeratum

Sticky Mouse-ear Chickweed

7 14

References

Cerastium semidecandrum

Five-stamen Mouse-ear Chickweed 

4

References

Cerastium sp.

Mouse-ear Chickweed

13

References

Cercis canadensis

Eastern Redbud

13

References

Chaerophyllum tainturieri

Tainturier’s Chervil

13

References

Chamaecrista nictitans

Partridge-pea

2

References

Chamaelirium luteum

Devil’s-bit

6 13

References

Chelone glabra

White Turtlehead

2 6

References

Chelone lyonii

Pink Turtlehead

2 4 13

References

Chenopodium album

White Goosefoot

13

References

Chimaphila maculata

Spotted Wintergreen

6 13

References

Chrysosplenium americanum

American Golden-saxifrage

6

References

Cichorium intybus

Chicory

13

References

Cinna latifolia

Slender Wood Reedgrass

3

References

Circaea alpina

Small Enchanter's-nightshade

2 4 7 14

References

Circaea lutetiana

Southern Broadleaf Enchanter's-nightshade

7 14

References

Cirsium discolor

Field Thistle

7 14

References

Cirsium sp.

Thistle

2 13

References

Cirsium vulgare

Bull Thistle

6

References

Claytonia caroliniana

Carolina Springbeauty

6 7 13 14

References

Claytonia virginica

Narrowleaf Springbeauty

13

References

Cleistes divaricata

Spreading Pogonia

13

References

Clematis terniflora

Japanese Virgin’s-bower

13

References

Clematis viorna

Vase-vine Leatherflower

2 4 7 14

References

Clematis virginiana

Virginia Virgin's-bower

2 6 13

References

Clinopodium vulgare

Field Basil

2

References

Clintonia borealis

Clinton's Lily

1 6 11

References

Clintonia umbellulata

White Clintonia

4 13

References

Coeloglossum viridis

Long-bract Green Orchis

1 10 13

References

Collinsonia canadensis

Canada Horsebalm

2 7 13 14

References

Commelina communis

Asiatic Dayflower

13

References

Conopholis americana

American Cancer Root (Squaw Root)

7 13

References

Convallaria majalis

European Lily-of-the-valley

7 14

References

Convolvulus arvensis

Field Bindweed

13

References

Corallorhiza wisteriana

Spring Coral Root

10

References

Coreopsis latifolia

Broadleaf Tickseed

1

References

Coreopsis major

Wood Tickseed

13

References

Cornus alternifolia

Alternate-leaf Dogwood

4 7 13

References

Cornus florida

Flowering Dogwood

13

References

Corydalis sempervirens

Pale Corydalis

13

References

Corylus americana

American Hazelnut

6 13

References

Crataegus crus-galli

Cockspur Hawthorn

5

References

Crataegus flabellata

Fanleaf Hawthorn

5 7 9 14

References

Crataegus punctata

Dotted Hawthorn

5 6 7 14

References

Crepis capillaris

Smooth Hawk’s-beard

2 13

References

Cryptotaenia canadensis

Canada Honewort

7 13 14

References

Cuscuta gronovii

Gronovius Dodder

2

References

Cymophyllus fraserianus

Fraser's Sedge

1

References

Cyperus sp.

Flatsedge

13

References

Cypripedium acaule

Pink Lady's-slipper

10 13

References

Cypripedium parviflorum

American Yellow Lady's-slipper

10

References

Dactylis glomerata

Orchard Grass

3

References

Danthonia compressa

Flattened Oatgrass

3 4 7 14

References

Danthonia spicata

Poverty Oatgrass

6 7 13 14

References

Daucus carota

Wild Carrot (Queen Anne's Lace)

2 13

References

Delphinium exaltatum

Tall Larkspur

1 8

References

Delphinium tricorne

Dwarf Larkspur

6 13

References

Deschampsia flexuosa

Wavy Hairgrass

3 4 7 14

References

Desmodium canescens

Tick Trefoil

2

References

Desmodium nudiflorum

Hoary Tick-trefoil

13

References

Desmodium paniculatum

Panicled-leaf Tick-trefoil

2

References

Dianthus armeria

Deptford-pink

2 7 13 14

References

Dicentra canadensis

Squirrel-corn

6 7 13 14

References

Dicentra cucullaria

Dutchman's Breeches

6 7 14

References

Diervilla lonicera

Northern Bush-honeysuckle

1

References

Digitaria sp.

Crabgrass

13

References

Dioscorea villosa

Yellow Yam

4 7 13 14

References

Diphylleia cymosa

Umbrella-leaf

2 4 7 14

References

Duchesnea indica

Indian Mock-strawberry

2 7 13 14

References

Echinochloa crus-galli

Barnyard Grass

13

References

Eleocharis obtusa

Blunt Spikerush

7 13 14

References

Elephantopus carolinianus

Carolina Elephant's-foot

13

References

Eleusine indica

India Goosegrass

13

References

Elymus hystrix

Bottlebush Grass

7 13 14

References

Enemion biternatum

False Rue-anemone

4 8

References

Epifagus virginiana

Beechdrops

2 6 7 13 14

References

Epigaea repens

Trailing Arbutus

13

References

Epilobium angustifolium

Fireweed

1 2 6 11

References

Epilobium ciliatum

Hairy Willowherb

1 2 7 8

References

Epilobium coloratum

Purpleleaf Willowherb

2 6 13

References

Epilobium leptophyllum

Linear-leaved Willowherb

1 2 8

References

Erechtites hieraciifolia

Fireweed

2 4

References

Erigeron annuus

White-top Fleabane

2 13

References

Erigeron philadelphicus

Philadelphia Fleabane

13

References

Erigeron pulchellus

Robins'-plantain

13

References

Erigeron strigosus

Daisy Fleabane

13

References

Erysimum cheiranthoides

Wormseed Wallflower

7 14

References

Erythronium americanum

Yellow Trout-lily

6 7 13 14

References

Eupatorium fistulosum

Hollow Joe-pyeweed

2 13

References

Eupatorium maculatum

Spotted Joe-pyeweed

2 6 13

References

Eupatorium perfoliatum

Common Boneset

2

References

Eupatorium purpureum

Sweet Joe-pyeweed

2 13

References

Euphorbia corollata

Flowering Spurge

13

References

Eurybia divaricata

White Wood-aster

2 4 7 9 13 14

References

Fagus grandifolia

American Beech

4 5 13 14

References

Festuca rubra

Red Fescue

3 13

References

Forsythia viridissima

Green-stem Forsythia

13

References

Fragaria virginiana

Virginia Strawberry

2 4 7 13 14

References

Fraxinus americana

White Ash

13 14

References

Galax urceolata

Beetle-weed (Galax)

13

References

Galearis spectabilis

Showy Orchis

10 13

References

Galinsoga parviflora

Small-flower Quickweed

13

References

Galinsoga quadriradiata

Fringed Quickweed 

6

References

Galium aparine

Catchweed Bedstraw

7 13 14

References

Galium circaezans

Wild Licorice

13

References

Galium lanceolatum

Torrey’s Wild Licorice

6

References

Galium latifolium

Purple Bedstraw

13

References

Galium mollugo

Great Hedge Bedstraw

6

References

Galium spp.

Bedstraw

2

References

Galium triflorum

Sweet-scent Bedstraw

4 13

References

Gaura biennis

Biennial Gaura

2

References

Gentiana austromontana

Appalachian Gentian

1 2 6 11

References

Gentiana clausa

Closed Gentian

6 7 14

References

Gentiana crinita

Fringed Gentian

6

References

Gentiana decora

Showy Gentian 

6

References

Gentianella quinquefolia

Stiff Gentian

2 6 7 14

References

Geranium carolinianum

Carolina Cranesbill

13

References

Geranium maculatum

Wild Geranium

6 13 14

References

Geum canadense

White Avens

7 14

References

Geum geniculatum

Bent Avens

1 2 6 8

References

Geum radiatum

Spreading Avens

1 2 6 8 11

References

Geum virginianum

Pale Avens

7 14

References

Glechoma hederacea

Ground-ivy

13

References

Glyceria melicaria

Slender Mannagrass 

6

References

Gnaphalium obtusifolium

Fragrant Cudweed

2

References

Goodyera pubescens

Downy Rattlesnake-plantain

2 10

References

Goodyera repens

Dwarf Rattlesnake-plantain

2 10

References

Hamamelis virginiana

American Witch-hazel

13

References

Hedera helix

English Ivy

13

References

Helenium autumnale

Common Sneezeweed

2 6 7 13 14

References

Helianthus decapetalus

Thinleaf Sunflower

2 13

References

Helianthus glaucophyllus

Whiteleaf Sunflower

1 2 6 13

References

Helianthus microcephalus

Small Woodland Sunflower

2

References

Heliopsis helianthoides

Smooth Oxeye

2 6

References

Hepatica nobilis var. acuta

Sharp-lobed Hepatica

13

References

Heracleum maximum

Cow-parsnip

1 7 14

References

Hesperis matronalis

Dame's Rocket

13

References

Heuchera americana

American Alumroot

7 14

References

Heuchera sp.

Alumroot

13

References

Heuchera villosa

Hairy Alumroot

2 4 7 14

References

Hexastylis shuttleworthii

Large-flower Heartleaf

13

References

Hexastylis virginica

Virginia Heartleaf (Wild Ginger)

13

References

Hieracium aurantiacum

Orange Hawkweed

2

References

Hieracium caespitosum

Meadow Hawkweed

2 7 9 14

References

Hieracium gronovii

Hairy Hawkweed

2 4 7 14

References

Hieracium paniculatum

Panicled Hawkweed

2

References

Hieracium scabrum

Rough Hawkweed

1 2 6 11

References

Hieracium venosum

Rattlesnake Hawkweed

2

References

Holcus lanatus

Common Velvetgrass

4

References

Houstonia caerulea

Quaker-ladies

7 13 14

References

Houstonia montana (follows Weakley)

Roan Mountain Bluet

1 2 12

References

Houstonia purpurea (follows Weakley)

Summer Bluet

2 4 6 7 8

References

Houstonia serpyllifolia

Michaux’s  Bluet

2 4

References

Hydrangea arborescens

Wild Hydrangea

4 13

References

Hydrophyllum canadense

Blunt-leaf Waterleaf

6 7 13 14

References

Hydrophyllum macrophyllum

Large-leaf Waterleaf

13

References

Hydrophyllum virginianum

John's-cabbage

1 6 7

References

Hypericum canadense

Canadian St. John’s-wort

7 9 14

References

Hypericum densiflorum

Bushy  St. John’s-wort

7 14

References

Hypericum graveolens

Mountain St. John's-wort

1 2 4 7 11 14

References

Hypericum hypericoides

St. Andrew's-cross

2

References

Hypericum mitchellianum

Blue Ridge St. John's-wort

1 2 11

References

Hypericum mutilum

Slender St. John’s-wort

7 14

References

Hypericum prolificum

Shrubby St. John’s-wort

7 14

References

Hypoxis hirsuta

Eastern Yellow Star-grass

13

References

Ilex opaca

American Holly

13

References

Impatiens capensis

Spotted Jewel-weed

2 4 7 13 14

References

Impatiens pallida

Pale Jewel-weed

2 4 7 13 14

References

Ipomoea pandurata

Big-root Morning-glory

2

References

Iris cristata

Crested Dwarf Iris

13

References

Isotria verticillata

Large Whorled Pogonia

10 13

References

Juglans cinerea

Butternut

1

References

Juglans nigra

Black Walnut

13

References

Juncus brevicaudatus

Narrow-panicle Rush 

9

References

Juncus debilis

Weak Rush 

6

References

Juncus effusus

Soft Rush

4 13

References

Juncus gymnocarpus

Naked-fruited Rush

7 14

References

Juncus tenuis

Slender Rush

4 7 13 14

References

Juncus trifidus

Highland Rush

1 8

References

Kalmia latifolia

Mountain Laurel

6 7 13 14

References

Krigia montana

False Dandelion

1 2 6

References

Lactuca canadensis

Canada Lettuce

2 13

References

Laportea canadensis

Canada Wood-nettle

2 6 7 13 14

References

Leiophyllum buxifolium

Sand-myrtle

6

References

Lepidium virginicum

Poor-man’s Pepper-grass

2

References

Lespedeza sp.

Bushclover

13

References

Leucanthemum vulgare

Oxeye Daisy

2 6 7 13 14

References

Leucothoe recurva

Recurved Doghobble

13

References

Liatris helleri

Heller's Blazingstar

1 6 8

References

Ligusticum canadense

Nondo Lovage

7 14

References

Lilium grayi

Gray's Lily

1 6 7 8 11 14

References

Lilium michauxii

Carolina Lily

6

References

Lilium philadelphicum

Wood Lily

1 4 8

References

Lilium superbum

Turk's-cap Lily

6 7 13 14

References

Linaria vulgaris

Butter-and-eggs

6

References

Lindera benzoin

Spicebush

13

References

Liparis lilifolia

Large Twayblade

10

References

Liparis loeselii

Loesel’s Twayblade

1

References

Liriodendron tulipifera

Tuliptree

13

References

Listera smallii

Kidneyleaf Twayblade

1

References

Lobelia cardinalis

Cardinal-flower

2 6 13

References

Lobelia inflata

Indian-tobacco

2 7 13 14

References

Lobelia siphilitica

Great Blue Lobelia

2 13

References

Lolium arundinaceum

Kentucky Fescue

13

References

Lonicera canadensis

American Fly-honeysuckle

1 4 8

References

Lonicera japonica

Japanese Honeysuckle

13

References

Luzula acuminata

Hairy Woodrush

13

References

Luzula multiflora

Common Woodrush

7 14

References

Lycopus uniflorus

Northern Bugleweed

2

References

Lycopus virginicus

Virginia Bugleweed

2

References

Lyonia ligustrina

Maleberry

9

References

Lysimachia ciliata

Fringed Loosestrife

2 6 7 9

References

Lysimachia quadrifolia

Whorled Yellow Loosestrife

7 13 14

References

Magnolia acuminata

Cucumber Magnolia

7 13 14

References

Magnolia fraseri

Fraser Magnolia

13

References

Maianthemum canadense

Wild Lily-of-the-Valley

4 7 13 14

References

Malaxis unifolia

Green Adder's-mouth

10

References

Malus angustifolia

Southern Crabapple

6

References

Malus coronaria

Sweet Crabapple

13

References

Malus pumila

Apple

13

References

Malva moschata

Musk Cheeseweed

6

References

Medeola virginiana

Indian Cucumber-root

6 13

References

Melanthium parviflorum

Small-flowered False Hellebore 

4

References

Melanthium virginicum

Virginia Bunchflower

1

References

Melilotus albus (Weakley)

White Sweetclover

2

References

Melilotus officinalis

Yellow Sweetclover

2

References

Menispermum canadense

Canada Moonseed

13

References

Mentha x piperita

Peppermint

2

References

Menziesia pilosa

Minniebush

1 4 7 11 14

References

Mimulus moschatus

Muskflower

13

References

Mimulus ringens

Square-stem Monkeyflower

2

References

Minuartia groenlandica

Mountain Sandwort

1 6

References

Minuartia groenlandica

Mountain Sandwort

7 8 14

References

Mitchella repens

Partridge-berry

2 13

References

Mitella diphylla

Twoleaf Bishop's-cap

4 7 13 14

References

Monarda clinopodia

Basil Beebalm

6 7 13 14

References

Monarda didyma

Oswego-tea

2 6 7 14

References

Monotropa uniflora

Indian-pipe

2 4 7 13 14

References

Morus rubra

Red Mulberry

13

References

Muhlenbergia tenuiflora

Slender Muhly

7 14

References

Myosotis scorpioides

True Forget-me-not

13

References

Nepeta cataria

Catnip

6

References

Nyssa sylvatica

Black Tupelo

13

References

Oclemena acuminata

Whorled Aster

2 4 13

References

Oenothera biennis

Common Evening-primrose

2 13

References

Oenothera fruticosa

Narrowleaf Sundrops

2

References

Oenothera fruticosa ssp. glauca

Shrubby Sundrops

6

References

Ornithogalum umbellatum

Common Star-of-Bethelem

13

References

Osmorhiza claytonii

Hairy Sweet-cicely

6 7 13 14

References

Osmorhiza longistylis

Smoother Sweet-cicely

2

References

Ostrya virginiana

Eastern Hop-hornbeam

6

References

Oxalis grandis

Great Yellow Wood Sorrel

7 14

References

Oxalis montana

White Wood Sorrel

2 4 7 14

References

Oxalis stricta

Common Yellow Wood Sorrel

2 6

References

Oxydendrum arboreum

Sourwood

13

References

Oxypolis rigidior

Stiff Cowbane

2

References

Packera anonyma

Small's Ragwort

6

References

Packera aurea

Golden Ragwort

6 7 13 14

References

Packera millefolia

Blue Ridge Ragwort

1

References

Packera schweinitziana

Robbin’s Squaw-weed

1 6 7 8 11 14

References

Panax quinquefolius

American Ginseng

1 6 7

References

Panicum sp.

Panic Grass

7 14

References

Paronychia argyrocoma

Silverling

1 6 7 14

References

Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Virginia Creeper

13

References

Pedicularis canadensis

Early Wood Lousewort

6 7 13 14

References

Penstemon canescens

Gray Beardtongue

6

References

Phacelia bipinnatifida

Fernleaf Phacelia

13

References

Phacelia dubia

Small-flower Phacelia

6

References

Phacelia fimbriata

Fringed Phacelia

6 13 14

References

Phleum pratense

Meadow Timothy

3 4 7 13 14

References

Phlox carolina

Carolina Phlox

6

References

Phlox stolonifera

Creeping Phlox

13

References

Phlox subulata

Moss Phlox

1 6

References

Phryma leptostachya

American Lopseed

13

References

Physalis heterophylla

Clammy Ground-cherry 

6

References

Physalis sp.

Ground-cherry

13

References

Phytolacca americana

Common Pokeweed

2 13

References

Pilea pumila

Canada Clearweed

7 13 14

References

Plantago lanceolata

English Plantain

13

References

Plantago major

Nipple-seed Plantain

9 13

References

Plantago rugelii

Black-seed Plantain

7 13 14

References

Platanthera ciliaris

Yellow-fringe Orchid

2 10 13

References

Platanthera clavellata

Small Green Woodland Orchid

2 7 10 13

References

Platanthera grandiflora

Large Purple-fringe Orchis

6

References

Platanthera lacera

Green-fringe Orchis

7 10

References

Platanthera orbiculata

Large Roundleaf Orchid

1 7 10

References

Platanthera peramoena

Purple Fringeless Orchid

1 8

References

Platanthera psycodes

Small Purple-fringe Orchis

1 6 7 10 14

References

Platanus occidentalis

Sycamore

13

References

Poa alsodes

Grove Meadow Grass

3 7 14

References

Poa annua

Annual Bluegrass

13

References

Poa compressa

Canada Bluegrass

3

References

Poa cuspidata

Early Bluegrass

3

References

Poa palustris

Fowl Bluegrass

1 8

References

Poa pratensis

Kentucky Bluegrass

3 4 13

References

Podophyllum peltatum

Mayapple

2 4 7 13 14

References

Polygonatum biflorum

Common Solomon's-seal

2 7 13 14

References

Polygonatum pubescens

Downy Solomon's-seal

2 6 7 13 14

References

Polygonum arifolium

Halberd-leaf Tearthumb

13

References

Polygonum erectum

Erect Knotweed

7 14

References

Polygonum hydropiperoides

Mild Water-pepper

4

References

Polygonum persicaria

Lady’s Thumb

13

References

Polygonum punctatum

Dotted Smartweed 

9

References

Polygonum sagittatum

Tearthumb

7 9 14

References

Polygonum scandens

Climbing False Buckwheat

2

References

Polygonum virginianum

Virginia Knotweed

2 7 14

References

Polymnia canadensis

White-flower Leafcup

13

References

Potentilla argentea

Silvery Cinquefoil

2 6

References

Potentilla canadensis

Canada Cinquefoil

2 4 7 13 14

References

Potentilla norvegica

Norwegian Cinquefoil

2 4 7 14

References

Potentilla simplex

Common Cinquefoil

2 7 14

References

Prenanthes altissima

Tall Rattlesnake-root

2 4 7 13 14

References

Prenanthes roanensis

Roan Mountain Rattlesnake-root

1 2 6 7 8 11 14

References

Prosartes lanuginosa

Yellow Mandarin

6 7 13 14

References

Prunella vulgaris

Self-heal

2 6 7 13 14

References

Prunus pensylvanica

Fire Cherry

4 13

References

Prunus serotina

Wild Black Cherry

7 13 14

References

Prunus virginiana

Choke Cherry

1

References

Pycnanthemum incanum

Hoary Mountainmint

2 13

References

Pyrularia pubera

Buffalo-nut

13

References

Pyrus melanocarpa

Black Chokeberry

4

References

Quercus alba

White Oak

13

References

Quercus prinus

Chestnut Oak

13

References

Quercus rubra

Northern Red Oak

13 14

References

Quercus velutina

Black Oak

13

References

Ranunculus abortivus

Kidneyleaf Buttercup

7 14

References

Ranunculus acris

Tall Buttercup

2 7 14

References

Ranunculus allegheniensis

Allegheny Mountains Crowfoot

1 2 7 14

References

Ranunculus bulbosus

Bulbous Buttercup

2 13

References

Ranunculus hispidus

Hispid Buttercup

7 14

References

Ranunculus repens

Creeping Buttercup

2 13

References

Raphanus raphanistrum

Wild Radish

6 7 14

References

Rhodiola rosea

Roseroot Stonecrop

1 6 8

References

Rhododendron arborescens

Smooth Azalea

13

References

Rhododendron calendulaceum

Flame Azalea

4 7 14

References

Rhododendron catawbiense

Catawba Rhododendron

4 7 13

References

Rhododendron maximum

Great Laurel

9 13

References

Rhododendron vaseyi

Pink-shell Azalea

6 8

References

Rhynchospora alba

White Beakrush

1 8

References

Ribes cynosbati

Prickly Gooseberry

6

References

Ribes glandulosum

Skunk Currant

6 7 14

References

Ribes rotundifolium

Appalachian Gooseberry

4 7 14

References

Robinia pseudoacacia

Black Locust

13

References

Rorippa barbareifolia

Hoary Yellowcress

7 14

References

Rosa palustris

Swamp Rose

13

References

Rubus allegheniensis

Allegheny Blackberry

6 7 13 14

References

Rubus canadensis

Smooth Blackberry

4

References

Rubus occidentalis

Black Raspberry

13

References

Rubus odoratus

Purple-flowering Raspberry

2 6 13

References

Rudbeckia hirta

Black-eyed-Susan

2 6 7 13 14

References

Rudbeckia laciniata

Green-head Coneflower

2 6 13

References

Rumex acetosella

Sheep Sorrel

2 4 7 13 14

References

Rumex crispus

Curly Dock

6 13

References

Rumex obtusifolius

Bitter Dock 

9

References

Sabatia angularis

Square-stemmed Rose Pink

6

References

Sagina procumbens

Procumbent Pearlwort

1 2

References

Salix humilis

Prairie Willow

7 14

References

Salix nigra

Black Willow

13

References

Salix sericea

Silky Willow

9

References

Salvia lyrata

Lyreleaf Sage

13

References

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis

Common Elderberry

2 6 13

References

Sambucus racemosa

Red Elderberry

2 4 7 14

References

Sanguinaria canadensis

Bloodroot

6 7 13 14

References

Sanicula canadensis

Short-styled Sanicle

7 14

References

Sanicula sp.

Snakeroot

13

References

Sanicula trifoliata

Large-fruited Sanicle

7 14

References

Saponaria officinalis

Bouncing-bet

2

References

Sassafras albidum

Sassafras

13

References

Satureja cardiaca?

Dogmint

6

References

Saxifraga careyana

Carey’s Saxifrage 

6

References

Saxifraga caroliniana

Carolina Saxifrage

1

References

Saxifraga michauxii

Michaux's Saxifrage

2 4 7 14

References

Saxifraga micranthidifolia

Lettuce-leaf Saxifrage

7 13 14

References

Saxifraga pensylvanica

Swamp Saxifrage

1 6

References

Schizachyrium scoparium

Little Bluestem

6

References

Scirpus cyperinus

Cottongrass Bulrush

13

References

Scirpus expansus

Woodland Beakrush 

6

References

Scutellaria elliptica

Hairy Skullcap

13

References

Scutellaria saxatilis

Rock Skullcap

1 8 

References

Sedum acre

Gold-moss

2

References

Sedum ternatum

Woodland Stonecrop

4 7 13 14

References

Senecio vulgaris

Old-man-in-the-spring (Common Groundsel)

2 6

References

Sericocarpus asteroides

Toothed Whitetop Aster

9

References

Setaria glauca

Yellow Foxtail 

6

References

Setaria sp.

Foxtail Grass

13

References

Sibbaldiopsis tridentata

Three-toothed Cinquefoil

1 2 4 7 11 14

References

Silene conica

Striate Catchfly 

6

References

Silene latifolia ssp. alba

White Campion

2

References

Silene stellata

Starry Catchfly

7 14

References

Silene virginica

Fire-pink

6 7 14 

References

Silene vulgaris

Maiden’s-tears 

6

References

Sisyrinchium angustifolium

Pointed Blue-eyed-grass

6

References

Sisyrinchium sp.

Blue-eyed-grass

7 13

References

Smilacina racemosa

Solomon's-plume

2 4 7 13 14

References

Smilax glauca

Glaucous-leaved Greenbrier

4 13

References

Smilax rotundifolia

Common Greenbrier

6 7 13 14

References

Smilax tamnoides

Halberd-leaf Greenbrier 

9

References

Solanum carolinense

Carolina Horse-nettle

2 7 13

References

Solanum dulcamara

Climbing Nightshade

7

References

Solanum ptycanthum

Black Nightshade

2

References

Solidago altissima

Tall Goldenrod

2 13

References

Solidago arguta

Cutleaf Goldenrod

2

References

Solidago bicolor

White Goldenrod

2 6 7 13 14

References

Solidago caesia

Bluestem Goldenrod 

6

References

Solidago curtisii

Curtis’ Goldenrod

2 7 14

References

Solidago erecta

Slender Goldenrod

2 7 14

References

Solidago flexicaulis

Broad-leaved Goldenrod

2 6

References

Solidago glomerata

Skunk Goldenrod

2 4 7 14

References

Solidago nemoralis

Field Goldenrod

2 13

References

Solidago patula

Roundleaf Goldenrod

2

References

Solidago roanensis

Roan Mountain Goldenrod

2 6 11

References

Solidago rugosa

Rough-leaf Goldenrod

2

References

Solidago spithamaea

Blue Ridge Goldenrod

1 2 6 8

References

Solidago squarrosa

Squarrose Goldenrod 

4

References

Solidago uliginosa

Bog Goldenrod

6

References

Sonchus asper

Spiny-leaf Sow-thistle

6

References

Sorbus americana

American Mountain-ash

2 4 5 7 14

References

Spiraea tomentosa

Hardhack Spiraea

6

References

Spiranthes cernua

Nodding Ladies’-tresses

2 6

References

Spiranthes spp.

Ladies'-tresses

2

References

Stachys latidens

Broad-tooth Hedge-nettle

6 7 14

References

Stachys tenuifolia

Smooth Hedge-nettle

2

References

Stellaria alsine

Trailing Stitchwort

1

References

Stellaria corei

Tennessee Chickweed

1 7 8

References

Stellaria graminea

Little Starwort

2 6

References

Stellaria longifolia

Longleaf Stitchwort

1

References

Stellaria media

Common Starwort

6 7 13 14

References

Stellaria pubera

Giant Chickweed

4 7 13 14

References

Streptopus amplexifolius

Clasping Twisted-stalk

1 8

References

Streptopus roseus

Rosy Twisted-stalk

1 4

References

Symphyotrichum cordifolium

Heart-leaf Aster

2 6 7 13 14

References

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum

Starved Aster

2 7 14

References

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae

New England Aster

13

References

Symphyotrichum pilosum

White Heath Aster

2 13

References

Symphyotrichum puniceum

Swamp (Purple-stemmed) Aster

2 13

References

Symphyotrichum retroflexum

Ridgid Whitetop American-aster (Curtis Aster)

2

References

Symphyotrichum urophyllum

White Arrowleaf Aster

13

References

Taenidia integerrima

Yellow Pimpernel

6

References

Taraxacum officinale

Common Dandelion

2 7 13 14

References

Thalictrum clavatum

Mountain Meadowrue

6 13

References

Thalictrum pubescens

Tall Meadowrue

7 14

References

Thalictrum revolutum

Waxleaf Meadowrue

7 14

References

Thalictrum thalictroides

Windflower

6 13

References

Thaspium barbinode

Hairy-joint Meadow-parsnip

6 13

References

Tiarella cordifolia

Heartleaf Foamflower

4 7 13 14

References

Tilia americana

American Basswood

6

References

Tilia americana var. heterophylla

White Basswood

6 13

References

Tipularia discolor

Cranefly Orchid

10 13

References

Toxicodendron radicans

Eastern Poison-ivy

13

References

Tradescantia subaspera

Zigzag Spiderwort

2 7 14

References

Tradescantia virginiana

Virginia Spiderwort

13

References

Tragopogon dubius

Meadow Goat's-beard

2

References

Trautvetteria caroliniensis

Carolina Tassle-rue

2 4 7 14

References

Trichophorum cespitosum

Tufted Clubrush

1 7 8 14

References

Trichostema dichotomum

Forked Bluecurls

2 13

References

Trifolium arvense

Rabbit-foot Clover

13

References

Trifolium aureum

Yellow Clover

6 13

References

Trifolium dubium

Suckling Clover

13

References

Trifolium hybridum

Alsike Clover 

4

References

Trifolium pratense

Red Clover

2 7 9 13 14

References

Trifolium repens

White Clover

7 9 13 14

References

Trillium cernuum

Nodding Trillium

6

References

Trillium cuneatum

Little Sweet Trillium

13

References

Trillium erectum

Ill-scent Trillium (Wake Robin)

6 7 13 14

References

Trillium grandiflorum

Large-flower Trillium

13

References

Trillium rugelii

Southern Nodding Trillium

1

References

Trillium undulatum

Painted Trillium

6

References

Triodanis perfoliata

Claspingleaf Venus'-looking-glass

13

References

Triosteum aurantiacum

Coffee Tinker’s-weed

6

References

Triphora trianthophora

Nodding Pogonia

10 13

References

Trisetum spicatum

Narrow False Oats

1 3 8

References

Tussilago farfara

Colt’s-foot

13

References

Typha latifolia

Broadleaf Cattail

13

References

Ulmus americana

American Elm

13

References

Ulmus rubra

Slippery Elm

13

References

Urtica dioica

Stinging Nettle

4 13

References

Uvularia grandiflora

Large-flower Bellwort

13

References

Uvularia perfoliata

Perfoliate Bellwort

7 14

References

Uvularia puberula

Mountain Bellwort

13

References

Vaccinium constablaei

Mountain Highbush Blueberry

6 7 14

References

Vaccinium corymbosum

Highbush Blueberry

4

References

Vaccinium erythrocarpum

Southern Mountain Cranberry

4 7 14

References

Vaccinium fuscatum

Black Highbush Blueberry

6

References

Vaccinium lamarkii?

 

6

References

Vaccinium pallidum

Early Lowbush Blueberry

13

References

Vaccinium stamineum

Squaw Huckleberry (Deerberry)

13

References

Veratrum viride

American False Hellebore

4 7 14

References

Verbascum blattaria

White Moth Mullein

2

References

Verbascum thapsus

Common Mullein

2 7 13 14

References

Verbena urticifolia

White Vervain

2

References

Verbesina alternifolia

Wingstem

2 13

References

Verbesina occidentalis

Yellow Crownbeard

2

References

Vernonia gigantea

Giant Ironweed

2

References

Vernonia noveboracensis

New York Ironweed

2 7 13

References

Veronica americana

American Speedwell

1 7 8

References

Veronica arvensis

Corn Speedwell

7

References

Veronica officinalis

Gypsy-weed

4

References

Veronica persica

Bird’s-eye Speedwell

7 13 14

References

Veronica serpyllifolia

Thyme-leaf Speedwell

2 4 7 13 14

References

Viburnum acerifolium

Mapleleaf Viburnum

13

References

Viburnum lantanoides

Alderleaf Viburnum

4 7 14

References

Viola blanda

Smooth White Violet

4 7 13 14

References

Viola canadensis

Canada Violet

4 6 7 13 14

References

Viola cucullata

Marsh Blue Violet

4 713 14

References

Viola hastata

Halberd-leaf Yellow Violet

13

References

Viola macloskeyi

Smooth White Violet

6 7 14

References

Viola palmata

Early Blue Violet

7 13 14

References

Viola pubescens

Downy Yellow Violet

13

References

Viola rotundifolia

Roundleaf Violet

6 13

References

Viola sagittata

Arrowleaf Violet

7 14

References

Viola striata

Striped Violet

13

References

Vitis aestivalis

Summer Grape

13

References

Xanthium spinosum

Spiny Cocklebur

13

References

Yucca filamentosa

Common Yucca

13

References

Zizia aptera

Golden Alexanders

13

References

Zizia aurea

Common Alexanders

6 13

References

Zizia trifoliata

Meadow Alexanders

4 13

References


Last Updated on 3/4/07
By Jerry Nagel