The Birds of Roan Mountain
Species Common Name Taxon Source Source
Anas crecca Green-winged Teal Transient 67 Rowell 73
Bonasa umbellus Ruffed Grouse Nesting 20,60,69 Simpson 92; Phillips 79; Ganier 36
Meleagris gallopavo Wild Turkey Nesting 62 Rhoads 1895;
Alectoris chukar Chukar Introduced- Historical 73 Solyom 40
Colinus virginianus Northern Bobwhite Nesting 19,20 eller/wallace 84; Ganier 36
Phalacrocorax auritus Double-crested Cormorant Transient 44 Lewis 03c
Ardea herodias Great Blue Heron ?Nesting 41,50 Lewis 01a; Lewis 04
Ardea alba Great Egret Transient 40 Lewis 01b
Cathartes aura Turkey Vulture ?Nesting 19,20 eller/wallace 84; Ganier 36
Coragyps atratus Black Vulture ?Nesting
Pandion haliaetus Osprey Transient 44 Lewis 03c
Haliaeetus leucocephalus Bald Eagle Transient 41,44 Lewis 03c; Lewis 01a
Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle Winter Visitor 12,28 Knight 94; Dubke 64
Accipiter gentilis Goshawk Transient/Winter Visitor 28,44,60,69 Knight 1994; Simpson 92; Phillips 79; Lewis 03c
Accipiter striatus Sharp-shinned Hawk ?Nesting 19,60 eller/wallace 84; Phillips 79
Accipiter cooperi Cooper's Hawk ?Nesting 19,60 eller/wallace 84; Phillips 79
Buteo platypterus Broad-winged Hawk Nesting 13 Eller 73
Buteo lineatus Red-shouldered Hawk ?Nesting 51 Lewis 05a
Buteo jamaicensis Red-tailed Hawk Nesting 20,60 Phillips 79; Ganier 36
Buteo lagopus Rough-legged Hawk Winter Visitor 28 Knight 94
Circus cyaneus Northern Harrier ?Nesting 28,35 Lewis 00d; Knight 94
Falco sparverius American Kestrel ?Nesting
Falco peregrinus Peregrine Falcon Nesting 20,37,51 Lewis 00b; Ganier 36; Lewis 05a
Falco columbarius Merlin Winter Visitor 44 Lewis 03c
Porzana carolina Sora Transient 28 Knight 94
Coturnicops noveboracensis Yellow Rail Transient 44 Lewis 03c
Rallus limicola Virginia Rail Transient
Grus canadensis Sandhill Crane Transient 28 Knight 94
Charadrius vociferus Killdeer ?Nesting 28,63 Knight 94; Robinson 90
Tringa solitaria Solitary Sandpiper Transient 31 Lewis 92
Tringa melanoleuca Greater Yellowlegs Transient 34,44 Lewis 03c; Lewis 98
Numenius phaeopus Whimbrel Transient 28,69 Knight 94; Simpson 92
Gallinago delicata Wilson Snipe Transient 34 Lewis 98
Scolopax minor American Woodcock Nesting 44,45,69 Simpson 1992; Lewis 03b; Lewis 03c
Columba livia Rock Pigeon ?Nesting
Zenaida macroura Mourning Dove Nesting 49 Lewis 04b
Coccyzus erythropthalmus Black-billed Cuckoo ?Nesting 45,49 Lewis 04b; Lewis 03b
Coccyzus americanus Yellow-billed Cuckoo Nesting 44 Lewis 03c
Megascops asio Eastern Screech-Owl Nesting  
Asio flammeus Short-eared Owl ?Transient 44 Lewis 03c
Bubo virginianus Great Horned Owl Nesting  
Strix varia Barred Owl Nesting 64,72 Rowell 70; Smith 65b
Aegolius acadicus Northern Saw-whet Owl Nesting 28 Knight 94
Chordeiles minor Common Nighthawk ?Nesting 18,44 Lewis 03c; Eller 89
Caprimulgus vociferus Whip-poor-will ?Nesting 8 Bierly 80
Chaetura pelagica Chimney Swift Nesting 20,60,62,69 Simpson 92; Phillips 79; Rhoads 1895; Ganier 36
Archilochus colubris Ruby-throated Hummingbird Nesting 8,20,60 Bierly 80; Phillips 79; Ganier 36
Selasphorus rufus Rufous Hummingbird Winter Visitor 44 Lewis 03c
Ceryle alcyon Belted Kingfisher ?Nesting 8 Bierly 80
Melanerpes erythrocephalus Red-headed Woodpecker ?Nesting 44,51,60 Lewis 03c; Phillips 79; Lewis 05a
Melanerpes carolinus Red-bellied Woodpecker Nesting 44,51 Lewis 03c; Lewis 05a
Sphyrapicus varius Yellow-bellied Sapsucker ?Nesting 52,62 Rhoads 1895a; Lewis 05b
Picoides pubescens Downy Woodpecker Nesting 20,69 Simpson 92; Ganier 36
Picoides villosus Hairy Woodpecker Nesting 20,69 Simpson 92; Ganier 36
Colaptes auratus Northern Flicker Nesting 20,44,61,69 Simpson 92; Ganier 36; Lewis 03c; Potter and LeGrand 80
Dryocopus pileatus Pileated Woodpecker Nesting 69 Simpson 92
Contopus borealis Olive-sided Flycatcher ?Nesting 44,60,62 Rhoads 1895a; Phillips 79; Lewis 03c
Contopus virens Eastern Wood-Pewee Nesting 69 Simpson 92
Empidonax virescens Acadian Flycatcher Nesting 63,69 robinson90; Simpson 92
Empidonax alnorum Alder Flycatcher Nesting 26,53,56,59 Lura 79; Hull 90; Lura, Schell, and Wallac 1979; Nicholson 97
Empidonax traillii Willow Flycatcher Nesting 46 Lewis 03a
Empidonax flaviventris Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Transient 44 Lewis 03c
Empidonax minimus Least Flycatcher Nesting 28,43,62,63 Lewis 02a; Rhoads 1895a; Robinson 90; Knight 94
Sayornis phoebe Eastern Phoebe Nesting 38 Lewis 00a
Myiarchus crinitus Great Crested Flycatcher ?Nesting 69 Simpson 92
Tyrannus tyrannus Eastern Kingbird ?Nesting 44 Lewis 03c
Vireo griseus White-eyed Vireo Nesting 32 Lewis 93
Vireo flavifrons Yellow-throated Vireo ?Nesting 8,44 Bierly 80; Lewis 03c
Vireo solitarius Blue-headed Vireo Nesting 4,20,60,69 Ganier 36; Simpson 92; Phillips 79; Behrend 63
Vireo philadelphicus Philadelphia Vireo Transient 51,66 Lewis 05a; Rowell 72b
Vireo olivaceous Red-eyed Vireo Nesting 69 Simpson 92
Cyanocitta cristata Blue Jay Nesting 20,60,69 Simpson 92; Phillips 79; Ganier 36
Corvus brachyrhynchos American Crow Nesting 62,63,69 Rhoads 1895a;Robinson 90; Simpson 92
Corvus corax Common Raven Nesting 20,28,60,62,69 Rhoads 1895a; Ganier 1936; Knight 94; Simpson 92; Phillips 79
Eremophilla alpestris Horned Lark Nesting 20,28,69,77 Tyler 36; Knight 1994; Simpson 92; Ganier 36
Tachycineta bicolor Tree Swallow Nesting 41 Lewis 01a
Stelgidopteryx serripennis Northern Rough-winged Swallow ?Nesting 60,69 Simpson 92; Phillips 79
Riparia riparia Bank Swallow ?Nesting 42 Lewis 02b
Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Cliff Swallow ?Nesting 51 Lewis 05a
Hirundo rustica Barn Swallow Nesting 9,15,19,22,28,60,63,68,69 Robinson 90; Eller 80; Simpson 92; Knight 94; Sennett 1887; Bruner and Field 1912; Eller and Wallace 84; Hale 80; Phillips 79
Poecile carolinensis Carolina Chickadee Nesting 28,69 Knight 94; Simpson 92
Poecile atricapillus Black-capped Chickadee Historical Nesting 14,15,55 Eller 78; Lura 81; Eller 80
Baeolophus bicolor Tufted Titmouse Nesting 19,69 eller/wallace 84; Simpson 92
Sitta canadensis Red-breasted Nuthatch Nesting 20,28,43,57,60,62,69 Rhoads 1895a; Lyle and Tyler 1934; Lewis 02a; Knight 94; Simpson 92; Phillips 79; Ganier 36
Sitta carolinensis White-breasted Nuthatch Nesting 63,69 Simpson 92; Robinson 90
Certhia americana Brown Creeper Nesting 28,60,63,69 Knight 94; Simpson 92; Robinson 90; Phillips 79
Thryothorus ludovicianus Carolina Wren Nesting 69 Simpson 92
Thryomanes bewickii Bewick's Wren Historical Nesting 62,70,71 Rhoads 1895; Smith 64; Smith 65
Troglodytes aedon House Wren Nesting 10,24,57,69 Lyle and Tyler 34; Simpson 92; Coffey 42; Herndon 54
Troglodytes troglodytes Winter Wren Nesting 4,8,10,20,60,63,69 Simpson 92; Bierly 80; Robinson 90; Phillips 79; Behrend 63; Coffey 42; Ganier 36
Regulus satrapa Golden-crowned Kinglet Nesting 9,15,19,22,28,60,63,68,69 Robinson 90; Eller 80; Simpson 92; Knight 94; Sennett 1887; Bruner and Field 1912; Eller and Wallace 84; Hale 80; Phillips 79
Regulus calendula Ruby-crowned Kinglet Winter Visitor 28,63 Knight 94; Robinson 90
Polioptila caerulea Blue-gray Gnatcatcher Nesting 33 Lewis 94
Sialia sialis Eastern Bluebird Nesting 8,20,28,62 Knight 94; Bierly 80; Rhoads 1895; Ganier 36
Catharus fuscescens Veery Nesting 4,20,60,62,63,69 Robinson 90; Ganier 36; Knight 94; Simpson 92; Rhoads 1895; Phillips 79; Behrend 63
Catharus guttatus Hermit Thrush Nesting 28,46,59,69 Lewis 03a; Knight 1994; Simpson 92; Nicholson 97 
Catharus ustulatus Swainson's Thrush Transient 39 Lewis 01c
Hylocichla mustelina Wood Thrush Nesting 59,69 Simpson 92; Nicholson 97
Turdus migratorius Americna Robin Nesting 4,20,60,63,69 Robinson 90; Simpson 92; Phillips 79; Behrend 63; Ganier 36
Dumetella carolinensis Gray Catbird Nesting 20,60,63,69 Robinson 90; Simpson 92; Phillips 79; Ganier 36
Mimus polyglottos Northern Mockingbird Nesting 8 Bierly 80
Toxostoma rufum Brown Thrasher Nesting 44,69 Simpson 92; Lewis 03c
Sturnus vulgaris European Starling Nesting  
Anthus spragueii Sprague's Pipit Transient 27 Knight 92
Anthus rubescens American Pipit Winter Visitor 28,63 Robinson 90; Knight 94;
Bombycilla cedrorum Cedar Waxwing Nesting 4,20,60,69 Simpson 92; Phillips 79; Behrend 63; Ganier 36
Vermivora chrysoptera Golden-winged Warbler Nesting 28,75 Knight 94; Trently 2002
Vermivora pinus x chrysoptera Brewster's Warbler Nesting 38,41 Lewis 01a; Lewis 00a
Vermivor peregrina Tennessee Warbler Transient 42,47 Lewis 04d; Lewis 02b
Vermivora celata Orange-crowned Warbler Transient 44 Lewis 03c
Vermivora ruficapilla Nashville Warbler Transient 16 Eller 84
Parula americana Northern Parula Nesting 17,69 Simpson 92; Eller 87
Dendroica pensylvanica Chestnut-sided Warbler Nesting 4,20,60,62,63,69 Robinson 90; Simpson 92; Rhoads 1895; Phillips 79; Behrend 63; Ganier 36
Dendroica petechia Yellow Warbler Nesting 19,69 Simpson 92; Eller and Wallace 84
Dendroica tigrina Cap May Warbler Transient 15,28 Knight 94; Eller 80
Dendroica magnolia Magnolia Warbler ?Nesting 25,28,46,63,69 Lewis 03a; Robinson 90; Herndon 77; Robinson 90; Knight 94; Simpson 92
Dendroica coronata Yellow-rumped Warbler ?Nesting 44,47,63 Robinson 90; Lewis 04d; Lewis 03c
Dendroica caerulescens Black-throated Blue Warbler Nesting 4,60,69 Simpson 92; Phillips 79; Behrend 63
Dendroica virens Black-throated Green Warbler Nesting 8,60,63 Bierly 80; Robinson 90; Phillips 79
Dendroica fusca Blackburnian Warbler ?Nesting 60,62 Rhoads 1895; Phillips 79
Dendroica discolor Prairie Warbler Transient  
Dendroica palmarum Palm Warbler Transient 47 Lewis 04d
Dendroica striata Blackpoll Warbler Transient 47 Lewis 04d
Dendroica cerulea Cerulean Warbler Transient 30 Lewis 91b
Mniotilta varia Black-and-White Warbler Nesting 62 Rhoads 1895
Setophaga ruticilla American Redstart Nesting 62 Rhoads 1895
Protonotaria citrea Prothonotary Warbler Transient 15,28 Eller 80; Knight 94
Helmitheros vermivorus Worm-eating Warbler Nesting 69 Simpson 92
Limnothlypis swainsonii Swainson's Warbler ?Nesting 42 Lewis 02b
Seiurus aurocapillus Ovenbird Nesting 69 Simpson 92
Seiurus  Northern Waterthrush Transient 32 Lewis 93
Seiurus motacilla Louisiana Waterthrush Nesting 64,69 Simpson 92; Rowell 70
Oporornis formosus Kentucky Warbler Nesting 65,69 Simpson 92; Rowell 72
Oporornis agilis Connecticut Warbler Transient 47 Lewis 04d
Oporornis philadelphia Mourning Warbler ?Nesting/Transient 41,76 Trently 03; Lewis 01a
Geothlypis trichas Common Yellowthroat Nesting 28,62,69 Knight 94; Simpson 1992; Rhoads 1895
Wilsonia citrina Hooded Warbler Nesting 69 Simpson 92
Wilsonia canadensis Canada Warbler Nesting 4,20,60,62,69 Ganier 36; Simpson 92; Rhoads 1895; Phillips 79; Behrend 63
Wilsonia pusilla Wilson's Warbler Transient 44 Lewis 03c
Icteria virens Yellow-breasted Chat Nesting 8 Bierly 80
Piranga rubra Summer Tanager Transient 44 Lewis 03c
Piranga olivacea Scarlet Tanager Nesting 69 Simpson 92
Pipilo erythropthalmus Eastern Towhee Nesting 20,69 Simpson 92; Ganier 36
Spizella passerina Chipping Sparrow Nesting 48 Lewis 04c
Spizella pusilla Field Sparrow Nesting 45,46 Lewis 03a; Lewis 03b
Pooecetes gramineus Vesper Sparrow Nesting 17,20,23,63,69 Robinson 90; Simpson 92; Ganier 36; Herndon 50b; Eller 87
Ammodramus henslowii Henslow's Sparrow Transient 28 Knight 94
Ammodramus savannarum Grasshopper Sparrow ?Nesting 47 Lewis 04d
Passerella iliaca Fox Sparrow Winter Visitor 4,47 Behrend 63; Lewis 04d
Melospiza lincolnii Lincoln's Sparrow Transient 47,49 Lewis 04b; Lewis 04d
Melospiza melodia Song Sparrow Nesting 20,60,62 Rhoads 1895; Phillips 79; Ganier 36
Melospiza georgiana Swamp Sparrow Winter Visitor
Zonotrichia albicollis White-throated Sparrow Winter Visitor 4,51 Lewis 05a; Behrend 63
Junco hyemalis Dark-eyed Junco Nesting 20,28,60,62,69,74 Ganier 36; Simpson 92; Knight 94; Rhoads 1895; Tanner 58; Phillips 79
Calcarius lapponicus Lapland Longspur Winter Visitor 28 Knight 94
Plectrophenax nivalis Snow Bunting Winter Visitor 1,3,7,28,42,63,69 Robinson 1990; Lewis 02b; Knight 94; Behrend 71; Behrend 48; Behrend 63c; Smith 65
Cardinalis cardinalis Northern Cardinal Nesting 19,62,69 Eller and Wallace 84; Simpson 92; Rhoads 1895
Pheucticus ludovicianus Rose-breasted Grosbeak Nesting 20,63,69 Robinson 90; Simpson 92; Ganier 36
Passerina caerulea Blue Grosbeak Transient 15,28,29 Knight 94; Eller 80; Lewis 91
Passerina cyanea Indigo Bunting Nesting 20,62,63,69 Robinson 90; Simpson 92; Rhoads 1895; Ganier 36
Dolichonyx oryzivorus Bobolink Transient 44 Lewis 03c
Agelaius phoeniceus Red-winged Blackbird Nesting 8,47 Bierly 1980; Lewis 04d
Sturnella magna Eastern Meadowlark ?Nesting 19,21,47,59 Ganier and Tyler 34; Eller and Wallace 84; Nicholson 97; Lewis 04d
Quiscalus quiscula Common Grackle ?Nesting 38,47 Lewis 04d; Lewis 00a
Molothrus ater Brown-headed Cowbird Nesting 75 Trently 02
Carpodacus mexicanus House Finch ?Nesting 34 Lewis 98
Carpodacus purpureus Purple Finch Winter Visitor 2,4,60,63 Robinson 1990; Behrend 1962; Behrend 1963; Phillips 79
Loxia curvirostra Red Crossbill ?Nesting 25,58,60 Phillips 79; Herndon 77; McNair 88
Loxia leucoptera White-winged Crossbill Winter Visitor 5,6,11,28,36,63,64 Lewis 00c; Robinson 1990; Rowell 70; Knight 94; Dubke 64; Behrend 63b; Behrend 66
Carduelis flammea Common Redpoll Winter Visitor 54,63 Robinson 90; Lura 79
Carduelis tristis American Goldfinch Nesting 20,60,62,63,69 Robinson 1990; Simpson 92; Rhoads 1895; Phillips 79; Ganier 36
Carduelis pinus Pine Siskin Nesting 2,4,6,25,28,58,60,63 McNair 1988b; Robinson 1990; Knight 94; Phillips 79; Herndon 77; Behrend 62; ; Behrend 66; Behrend 63
Coccothraustes vespertinus Evening Grosbeak Winter Visitor 6,28,36,43 Knight 94; Lewis 02; Lewis 00c; Behrend 66
Passer domesticus House Sparrow Nesting
Submitted by Allen Trently